ustafa Kemal, who came to Ankara on December 27, 1919, chose the city as the headquarters of the resistance movement in Anatolia. What he had in his mind was that "Ankara" was geographically in the middle of Anatolia, that Istanbul could be reached by rail, its proximity to the Western Front and the people's full support for the national struggle here.
Mustafa Kemal founded the Grand National Assembly in Ankara on April 23, 1920, two days after the British invasion of Istanbul, when the Meclis-i Mebusan in Istanbul officially dissolved himself. While these were happening, the Greeks also advanced to the shores of the Sakarya River in the summer of 1920 to suppress the Anatolian campaign and capture the city of Ankara. This tough battle that took place near Polatlı was noted in history as the turning point of the War of Independence.
"There is no line of defense, there is surface defense. That surface is the whole land."
Weeks after this great defeat, the Turkish-French conflict ended with the Ankara Agreement with France. Continued result of the War of Liberation prove its sovereignty over the territory of Turkey, 1922 Lausanne Peace Conference and was registered in the national boundaries of the international community with the Treaty of Lausanne of 1923 and the entire world or independence was approved. Anatolia resistance to the hosts Ankara, October 13, 1923 was proclaimed as the capital of the Republic of Turkey.
So let's go through the pages of Ankara, which preserves all the glory of the Anatolian Resistance from those days to these days like a book that should be read.